The information posted on this site is offered for basic information only and is free of charge or obligation. Energy related technology is constantly changing, thus more current materials may be available elsewhere. There is no company affiliation with this information other than my own and the comments associated with the technology on this site are mine alone. No warranty of any type is expressed or implied and no responsibility for accuracy is intended or accepted. The properties of natural formations vary widely and simple statements of theory without detailed sample analysis and monitoring will not be accurate. Results of even the best designed operations in the subsurface vary widely and no concepts or model prediction of physical or chemical behavior in formations can be assumed to be accurate without extensive evaluation and testing.